What is periodontitis?

Periodontitis is a gum disease that deteriorates your gum tissues and causes loss of teeth. It is caused due to the deposit of bacterial plaque on the surface of the tooth and the pockets around it. This causes the release of enzymes which ultimately leads to inflammation.

Fast facts on periodontitis

  • 50% of the population in America over the age of 30 has periodontitis.
  • It can spread from other areas to the foetus.
  • The disease starts with gingivitis and when left untreated, it can cause tooth loss.
  • Periodontitis can cause stress to your cardiovascular system.

Treatment

The treatment requires to clean out the bacteria from in and around the teeth. The treatment involves two steps:

  • Maintaining oral hygiene by brushing, flossing and interdental cleaning daily.
  • Visiting oral professionals such as the experts at Shiny Smile Dental. They will break the plaque around the teeth by using either hand tools or an ultrasonic device.

Medications

There are a number of medications freely available to treat periodontitis such as antimicrobial mouth-rinse, Oral antibiotics, Antibiotic gel and microspheres, Antiseptic chip, Enzyme suppressant and so on.

Advanced periodontitis

If the above treatment fails, then the next step is to have surgery. There are two types of surgeries:

  • Flap Surgery: This surgery either removes plaque from the deep pockets or reduces the size of pockets in order to make cleaning easier.
  • Bone and Tissue Grafts: This surgery aids in regenerating the destroyed bone and gum tissues.

The surgical professionals at the Shiny Smile Dental are experienced experts at performing both these procedures.

Home remedies

Periodontitis can be prevented and cure through regular check-ups and maintaining oral hygiene. Brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes. Floss and use interdental before brushing. After brushing use an antibacterial mouthwash. Make sure you clean every nook and cranny. Replace your toothbrush every 3-4 months.

Symptoms

The symptoms include inflamed, bright red sometimes purple gums, receding gums and gaps between teeth, pain in gums, pus formation and loose teeth, halitosis and gum bleeding.

Periodontitis vs gingivitis

Gingivitis is a stage before Periodontitis in which case there is inflammation in the gum. Whereas, in Periodontitis, the gum tissues and bones get deteriorated.

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