Periodontitis is a gum disease that deteriorates your gum tissues and causes loss of teeth. It is caused due to the deposit of bacterial plaque on the surface of the tooth and the pockets around it. This causes the release of enzymes which ultimately leads to inflammation.
The treatment requires to clean out the bacteria from in and around the teeth. The treatment involves two steps:
There are a number of medications freely available to treat periodontitis such as antimicrobial mouth-rinse, Oral antibiotics, Antibiotic gel and microspheres, Antiseptic chip, Enzyme suppressant and so on.
If the above treatment fails, then the next step is to have surgery. There are two types of surgeries:
The surgical professionals at the Shiny Smile Dental are experienced experts at performing both these procedures.
Periodontitis can be prevented and cure through regular check-ups and maintaining oral hygiene. Brush your teeth twice a day for two minutes. Floss and use interdental before brushing. After brushing use an antibacterial mouthwash. Make sure you clean every nook and cranny. Replace your toothbrush every 3-4 months.
The symptoms include inflamed, bright red sometimes purple gums, receding gums and gaps between teeth, pain in gums, pus formation and loose teeth, halitosis and gum bleeding.
Gingivitis is a stage before Periodontitis in which case there is inflammation in the gum. Whereas, in Periodontitis, the gum tissues and bones get deteriorated.